Observatory of businesses and shops in Paris (BDCOM)

In order to facilitate action taken on commerce, be it carried out independently or in partnership, the City of Paris, the Paris Delegation of the Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Paris Urbanism Agency -Apur- decided to increase their knowledge of commerce in Paris. In order to achieve this,  they established, in 1997, a common database called -Banque de données sur le commerce (BDcom) whose mission has since been to enable analyses of the the commercial fabric and its development to be carried out.

The pedestrian shopping street Rue Daguerre, seen from local shops © Apur

BDcom updates and inventory of commercial businesses in Paris by carrying out regular field surveys which cover all the streets of Paris. These surveys have taken place in 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2014 and 2017. The next one is planned for 2020. The premises surveyed are within Paris, are on the ground floor, have a street level window and visible access from a public space. Premises in courtyards or commercial hubs are also included.  

The database created from these surveys indicates, for each premises:

  • The address
  • The type of premises (office, facility, shop, empty premises, etc.)
  • The position (on a road, on a corner…)


For working businesses the following details are given:

  • The type of business
  • Its name
  • The sales area (by category: less than 300 m2, 300 to 1000 m2, more than 1000 m2)


How it works
The BDcom action programme is fixed within the framework of an activity agreement made between the City of Paris, the Paris delegation of the CCIP and Apur. The current agreement  is for the period 2016-2018. Each year an amendment specifies the precise contents of work to be carried out. This work and the updating of data is carried out by the Paris Urbanism Agency -Apur-.

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